Catholic Leaders in Africa Join Global Calls
to Cancel Developing Countries’ Debts
Catholic leaders in Africa have joined the more than 140 other Christian groups’ representatives from across the world who are calling on the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank to cancel developing nations’ debts amid COVID-19 challenges.
The Catholic leaders include Local Ordinaries, heads of Religious Orders and Societies of Apostolic Life and representatives of Catholic institutions.
They have appended their signatures in a letter to those at the helm of IMF and World Bank who are participating in their annual meeting set for October 12-18 to discuss debt relief for developing nations as part of the global recovery strategies in the face of COVID-19 pandemic.
In their October 12 collective letter obtained by ACI Africa, the representatives of various Christian entities across the globe decry an “ongoing injustice” where developing countries have to divert money “so desperately needed” for COVID-19 response to repaying debts.
“As such, we ask you to show courageous leadership at this critical moment and cancel debts owed by developing countries to your institutions for the duration of this crisis,” the faith leaders say in their collective letter addressed to IMF boss Kristalina Georgieva and her World Bank counterpart, David Malpass.
Debt cancellation is the “most immediate way to release the finance required to prevent millions of our sisters and brothers being needlessly pushed into poverty by the pandemic,” the Christian leaders say.
In making their case, the global Christian leaders refer to previous acknowledgement by the institutions’ leadership of the devastation the pandemic is causing across the world, particularly IMF officials who recognized that “many countries now face multiple crises – a health crisis, a financial crisis, and a collapse in commodity prices.”
They also recall the warning by World Bank leadership that the pandemic “threatens to push over 100 million people into extreme poverty and is exacerbating inequality throughout the world.”
The representatives of Christian leaders acknowledge the various steps IMF and World Bank officials have undertaken to respond to the crisis, including IMF leadership’s decision to cover debt payments owed over a six-month period for 28 countries as well as the availability of new emergency finance from the two bodies worth $88 billion.
While the initiatives are welcome, they are “insufficient and do not respond to the urgency and magnitude of the crisis,” the Christian leaders say in their October 12 letter, which has also been signed by the Coordinator, Economy Taskforce of the Vatican Commission for COVID-19, Sr. Alessandra Smerilli.
“Without the cancellation of debts, there remains a grave risk that developing countries will not have the money so desperately and urgently needed to halt the spread of the virus, to treat people suffering from the virus and to mitigate and recover from the economic and social destruction threatened by the virus,” they say.
The Christian leaders also note that the two global institutions “hold significant reserves in US dollars and in gold, which are held for such a time as this” and remind the leadership of the two financial entities that it is “essential that these reserves are used to relieve the burden of debts for countries in precarious need.”
“The role of the IMF and World Bank is central to tackling this crisis in a way that prioritizes the needs of the most vulnerable people, learns from the past and seeks to heal and rebuild our world,” the representatives of Christian groups say.
They add that their collective call for debt cancellation echoes similar calls by other Christian leaders such as Pope Francis who has called for “the cancellation of the debt of the most vulnerable countries, in recognition of the severe impacts of the medical, social and economic crises they face as a result of COVID-19.”
“As you meet this week, we continue to pray for you and remain committed to ongoing cooperation,” the Christian leaders tell the IMF and World Bank officials.
Among the Catholic leaders from Africa who have signed the letter include Archbishop Edward Tamba Charles and Bishops Charles A.M. Campbell, Henry Aruna and Natale Paganelli of Sierra Leone; Berhaneyesus Cardinal Souraphiel and Bishops Tesfasellassie Medhin and Abraham Desta of Ethiopia; and Fridolin Cardinal Ambongo of Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
Others include Bishop Andrew Jagaye Karnley and Bishop Anthony Richard Fallah Borwah of Liberia, Archbishop Stephen Ameyu of South Sudan, Archbishop Gabriel Anokye of Ghana, and the Second Deputy Secretary General of the Symposium of Episcopal Conferences of Africa and Madagascar (SECAM), Fr. Jean Germain Rajoelison.
Some of the representatives of Religious Orders and Societies of Apostolic Life in Africa include the President of Jesuit Conference of Africa and Madagascar (JCAM), Fr. Agbonkhianmeghe E. Orobator; Leader of the African Unit of Sisters of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Sr. Judith Bingura; and the Regional Leader, Missionary Sisters Servants of the Holy Spirit, Region of Ethiopia-South Sudan, Sr. Judyta, Elzbieta Ligieza.
ACI Africa was officially inaugurated on August 17, 2019 as a continental Catholic news agency at the service of the Church in Africa. Headquartered in Kenya’s capital, Nairobi, this media apostolate will strive to facilitate the telling of Africa’s story by providing media coverage of Catholic events on the African continent, giving visibility to the activities of the Church across Africa where statistics show significant growth in numbers and the continent gradually becoming the axis of Catholicism. This is expected to contribute to an awareness of and appreciation for the significant role of the Church in Africa and over time, the realization of a realistic image of Africa that often receives negative media framing.
Father Don Bosco Onyalla
Editor-in-Chief, ACI Africa