Agriculture in Africa, the way of salvation ?

Today, Africa is the continent where growth is the second fastest in the world. In this perspective of development, Agriculture could be the solution for inclusive growth on the continent.

Today, Africa is the continent where growth is the second fastest in the world. In this perspective of development, Agriculture could be the solution for inclusive growth on the continent.

While agriculture accounts for almost a third of the continent's GDP and employs 65 at 70% Population, it is certainly an important lever that will create more inclusive growth. The sector has a huge potential for transformation. Africa has a great diversity of agro-ecological zones, This created a vast potential for agricultural products in domestic markets and abroad. Sub-Saharan Africa has about half of the world's uncultivated, as well as vast reserves of untapped waters. It is obvious that no inclusive growth may not be possible on the continent without the development of agriculture, which absorbs the majority of the African population.

A lever for development

On the question of the means by which Africa can achieve sustainable and inclusive development, an economist at the African Development Bank met this : "The answer lies in a more inclusive growth on the continent through the development of the agricultural sector which concentrates more than half of the population. »

At a time when several conferences speak of sustainable development, inclusive and real, Agriculture ranks as safe means by which Africa can get to overcome many evils and begin an inclusive development and joint. To ensure long-term inclusive growth on the continent, African agriculture must make a slip of a very diversified agriculture, oriented to subsistence farming on most of the continent, to a more market-oriented production, more agribusiness and better market access.

Governments need to look at agriculture, will develop concrete policies taking into account the realities of their countries so that the desired results are effective. It will get to bring the young generation to become interested in agriculture and livestock. It is noticed that African countries, for example, import for more 25 billion worth of food every year. Only 1 billion dollars comes from African countries. This created an extensive intra-African agricultural market and opportunities for many farmers on the continent.

The support of international organizations

African countries have understood that no efficient development can not be achieved without a restructuring of the agricultural sector. So, with the support of international organizations such as FAO, UNDP or IFAD, projects on short, medium and long terms began with emerge in order to make an economic recovery that aims to achieve inclusive growth.

The African Economic Conference (THE) held in December 2016 in Abuja, put agriculture at the heart of African development. "We discussed it on 'Feeding Africa : towards agro-industrialization for inclusive growth ' ", says a member of his delegation to this meeting. All experts ADB, UNDP and ECA stressed that the continent has great potential to develop through agriculture. According Akinwumi Adesina, AfDB President, "The future of Africa depends on agriculture". Nowadays, Agriculture accounts for more than 28% of Africa's GDP.

Most countries are now using the expertise of international organizations to move to a project implementation phase through technical and financial support. In Togo, one of the flagship projects is the National Agricultural Investment Program and Agricultural Safety (PNIASA). A program that had the financial and technical support from the World Bank and IFAD. Several technical missions followed evaluation of these two international institutions have helped soak advanced project which helped to mechanize agriculture and also to develop agricultural centers. "The PNIASA relaunched Togolese agriculture", recognizes Ouro-Koura Agadazi, the Minister for Agriculture. The convincing result is increased production of maize and rice with a high rate of 80% for maize and 18% for rice.

Manage the allocated funds

Other African countries like Senegal, the Ivory Coast, the Mali rely on agriculture to achieve inclusive development. The Support Program for Agricultural Development and Entrepreneurship (PADADER) launched in Senegal has achieved more 80% expected results. The goal was to sustainably improve food security. "A people who have enough to eat is a people that can work and produce added value", Pope believes Abdoulaye Seck, Minister of Agriculture.

Same story in other countries. Agriculture as a safe alternative to not only feed people but also to create employment and develop entrepreneurship. "Over half of entrepreneurial initiatives are in agriculture", a domain expert says. We are fortunate to have these international institutions that support us, He said, lifting a key point. "Unfortunately there is poor management of allocated funds that persist. That must change ".

In addition to poor management of allocated funds, some agronomists especially critical of the inadequacy of most of the projects with the realities facing farmers. Added to this are the scarcity of water in some areas and deforestation that continues to damage the land and reduce the level of production, according IFAD.

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